中包机械

China's printing industry can be adjusted or sustainable until 2020

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[China Packaging News] The printing industry is in a period of rapid change, technological progress represented by the Internet and digital technology, the continuous development of economic globalization, and the uncertainties of the world economic growth prospects, making the printing industry and the printing market Growth and development are full of challenges.

 

Industry adjustment will continue

 

When analyzing the Chinese printing market, it is often plagued by market data sources and data quality. The statistics on the Chinese printing market mainly include three channels: the National Bureau of Statistics, the State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television and the Printing Industry Association. According to China's third economic census, as of the end of December 2013, the total number of Chinese printing companies reached 67,000, with a main business income of 833.8 billion yuan and 1.95 million employees.

 

From 2004 to 2013, the Chinese printing market expanded at an average annual growth rate of 17%, and its scale expanded nearly four times (the annual main business income increased from RMB 168.1 billion in 2004 to RMB 833.8 billion in 2013). The number of printing companies increased by 62% (from 4,200 in 2004 to 66,700 in 2013); from 2004 to 2013, China's printing market accumulated imported printing equipment (prepress, printing, postpress, spare parts) More than 20 billion US dollars.

 

In 2013, there were 4,266 printing enterprises above designated size (including enterprises with a main business income of over 20 million yuan), accounting for 6% of the total number of enterprises in the whole industry; the main business income was 522.7 billion yuan, accounting for 63% of the main business income of the whole industry; The number of personnel is 910,000, accounting for 47% of the total number of employees in the industry.

 

In 2016, domestic large-scale printing enterprises realized annual main business income of 779.91 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 4.5%; while the realized profit of 54.9 billion yuan during the same period, down 4.5% year-on-year, this adjustment may continue until 2020.

 

Packaging printing becomes the pillar

 

Among the main business income of printing enterprises above designated size, packaging printing (including label printing) accounted for 75%, publication printing accounted for 15%, and commercial printing accounted for 10%. Packaging printing has become the main driving force for the rapid growth of the Chinese printing market.

 

As a processing and manufacturing industry, the printing industry ranked 25th in the ranking of the main business income of all enterprises in 29 manufacturing industries in China in 2013 (the fifth last). The printing industry directly accounts for a large proportion of industries, such as computer, communications and other electronic equipment manufacturing (9.8 times), agricultural and sideline food processing industry (7.7 times), textile and clothing, shoes and hat manufacturing (2.9 times), pharmaceutical manufacturing. Industry (2.5 times), food manufacturing (2.4 times), wine, beverage and refined tea manufacturing twice (2 times), cultural and educational sporting goods manufacturing (1.9 times). From 2004 to 2013, these related industries also experienced rapid growth, with an average annual growth rate of 14% in computer, communication and other electronic equipment manufacturing, 21% in agricultural and sideline food processing, textile and garment, footwear and hat manufacturing. 19%, pharmaceutical manufacturing 21%, food manufacturing 20%, wine, beverage and refined tea manufacturing 20%, culture and education sports goods manufacturing 28%. The rapid growth of these related manufacturing industries has provided huge market demand for Chinese printing.

 

Formation of multiple investment entities

 

In 2013, the investment sources of China's above-scale printing enterprises were 9% of state capital, 2% of collective capital, 37% of corporate capital, 27% of personal capital, 15% of Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan capital, and 10% of foreign capital. Compared with 2004, the biggest change in 2013 was national capital, which fell from 23% to 9%; corporate capital increased from 26% to 37%; personal capital increased from 19% to 27%; and collective capital decreased from 5%. At 2%, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan's capital dropped from 18% to 15%, and foreign capital increased from 9% to 10%. A printing market for diversified investors has been formed.

 

 

At present, China's printing industry is still showing an extensive development trend under the state of rapid growth. Mainly in the following points: The production efficiency of Chinese printing companies is not high. In 2013, the per capita annual main business income of printing enterprises above designated size was 650,000 yuan. If the annual average exchange rate of the US dollar against the RMB is 1:6.19, the per capita income from the main business is only 105,000 US dollars. From the fact that the printing company has the MIS management information system, only 40% of the companies have established the MIS system. Among them, 18% of enterprises have CRM customer relationship management system; 22% have ERP enterprise resource management system. Nearly 45% of enterprises are only primary OA office automation systems; managers' preference for expanding the scale of enterprises, and price competition in various fields; not paying attention to environmental protection, and investing less in environmental protection, especially for VOCs in flexible packaging enterprises. , causing environmental pollution.

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